نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد جامعه شناسی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

2 دانشجوی دکتری جامعه شناسی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

این پژوهشِ پیمایشی باهدف بررسی رابطه بین میزان بهره‌گیری از رسانه‌های خارجی و فرهنگ سیاسی انجام شد. بدین منظور، با مرور پژوهش‌ها و نظریه‌های مرتبط با موضوع، فرضیه‌های پژوهش از چارچوب نظری استخراج و شاخص‌های سنجش فرهنگ سیاسی ‌ساخته شد. به‌منظور گردآوری داده‌ها و آزمون تجربی فرضیه‌ها، پس از طراحی پرسشنامه توسط پژوهشگر، 410 نفر از شهروندان ۱۸ ساله و بالاترِ ساکن مناطق ۲۲ گانه شهر تهران با روش نمونه‌گیری طبقه‌ای برگزیده شدند. مطابق با یافته‌های توصیفی پژوهش، شهروندان تهرانی موردبررسی در نمونه آماری به ترتیب به فرهنگ‌های سیاسی لیبرالی، سوسیالیستی و اسلامی گرایش داشتند. بر اساس یافته‌های تبیینی پژوهش، با افزایش میزان بهره‌گیری افراد از رسانه‌های خارجی، گرایش به فرهنگ سیاسی لیبرالی افزایش یافت اما گرایش به فرهنگ‌‌های سیاسی سوسیالیستی و اسلامی کاهش یافت. همچنین مطابق با نتایج پژوهش، با افزایش استقلال اطلاعاتی و ارتباطی پاسخگویان و با کنترل سایر متغیرها، گرایش به فرهنگ‌ سیاسی لیبرالی افزایش یافت، اما گرایش به فرهنگ‌های سیاسی سوسیالیستی و اسلامی کاهش یافت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The relationship between the use of foreign media and political culture

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Hossein Panahi 1
  • Ali Aliabadi 2

1 Professor, of Sociology, Allameh Tabataba'i University

2 PhD Candidate of Sociology, Allameh Tabataba'i University

چکیده [English]

Abstract:
This survey research aimed to investigate the relationship between the use of foreign media and political cultures. For this purpose, 410 citizens aged 18 years and older living in 22 districts of Tehran were included in the sample by stratified sampling method, and using research data collected with a questionnaire, research hypotheses were tested. According to the descriptive findings of the study, the citizens of the statistical sample tended to liberal political values, socialist political values, and Islamic political values, respectively. According to the research results, with the increase in the use of foreign media, the tendency to liberal political culture increased, but the tendency to socialist and Islamic political cultures decreased. Another result of the research was that with increase of information and communication independence of individuals, the tendency towards liberal political culture increased but the tendency towards Islamic and socialist political cultures decreased.
Keywords: Foreign media, globalization, information and communication independence, political culture

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Foreign media
  • Globalization
  • information and communication independence
  • political culture
  • liberalism
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