زمینه‌های پیدایش و ادغام فرهنگی- اجتماعی مهاجران ایرانی در فرانسه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار مردم شناسی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

موضوع انطباق فرد مهاجر در جامعه مقصد همواره یکی از اصلی‌ترین مسائل در مطالعات مهاجرتی برای پژوهشگران به‌شمار می‌رود. مساله انطباق دیاسپورای ایرانی در فرانسه، از طرد کامل تا انطباق کامل را شامل می‌شود. این‌که فرد در کجای این طیف جایابی می‌شود به عوامل مختلفی ازجمله هویت واقعی و هویت آرمانی او بستگی پیدا می‌کند. درواقع هر قدمی در جهت انطباق در جامعه جدید به معنی قدمی دور شدن از فرهنگ اصلی خواهد بود. این تناقض در انطباق فرهنگی همیشه بر سر نسل‌های گوناگون مهاجر سایه افکنده است. نسل اول به دوباره‌سازی یا بازسازی فرهنگی دست می‌زند، نسل دوم بر سر مسائل هویتی که بسیار عمیق‌تر و پیچیده‌تر از مسائل نسل اول است، در حال کشمکش است. نسل سوم نه مشکل ادغام دارد و نه مشکل هویتی و عموماً میزان ارتباط او با جامعه مبدأ تنها به تلاش خانواده او بستگی دارد، در غیر این صورت، او می‌تواند یک «شهروند فرانسوی» و یا یک «شهروند جهانی بی‌سرزمین» به معنای واقعی کلمه باشد. پژوهشگر با توجه به تجربه زیسته‌ای که در کشور فرانسه داشته، در این مقاله تلاش می‌کند با استفاده از مشاهده‌ها و مصاحبه‌ها، داده‌ها و تحلیل‌های انسان‌شناختی خود را به‌صورت نظام‌مند برای مخاطب ترسیم سازد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Genesis and Integration of Iranian Diaspora in France

نویسنده [English]

  • Hossein Mirzaei
Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The issue of the immigrants’ adaptation to the destination society has always been one of the main subjects in immigration studies attracting researchers and politicians. Like any other immigrant community, Iranian diaspora in France whose presence in the country goes back at least to the Qajar period are struggling to adapt to their new society. The theme of cultural adaptation involving from complete rejection to total conformity it puts people in different positions on the spectrum, obviously, people from both ends of the spectrum usually make up a few number of immigrants and most of this community is between these two places. Different generations are also facing their own challenges; the first generation is engaged with cultural rebuilding and reconstruction. The second generation is struggling with identity issues that are much deeper and more complex than the first generation. The third generation has neither integration nor identity problem, and generally, the extent of his connection to the original community depends only on the efforts of his family, otherwise he could be a French citizen or a universal citizen without hometown in the true sense of the word. In this article, the researcher tries to present his anthropological analysis, regarding his own experienced life and the observations and interviews he has had in France, in more than five years.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Acculturation
  • cultural adaptation
  • France
  • Identity
  • Iranian Diaspora
  • Migration
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