عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Women have always played important roles in various historical periods in nomadic, rural, and urban communities. Meanwhile, they have been involved in different sectors, such as agriculture, services, and industry. However, the most important managerial occupations, which require fundamental and crucial decision-makings in social levels, have been occupied by men rather than women. According to the Constitution of I.R. of Iran (article No. 28) all qualified persons are authorized to occupy various jobs in different managerial levels of the society. But, contrary to the law, this article has not been realized in our Iranian society aptly. As a result, women's roles in home economics and family affairs have been fading. Authorities have come to the conclusion that equalization of men and women in social, cultural, political, and economical decision-makings will lead to realization of democracy, equality, development, and social justice. In this respect, many attempts have been carried out by different national, regional, and international groups and organizations, including "World Conference of Nairubi", and "The Fourth Conference of Women" in Beiging in 1995. But, true realization of quality requires much more effort. It should be noted that the Iranian Women, considering the decision-making power (both in micro and macro levels), enjoy a relatively acceptable status, comparred to those who live in other Islamic developing countries.