نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جامعه‌شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، واحد تبریز، تبریز،ایران

2 استادیار جامعه شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ،واحد تبریز،تبریز،ایران

3 استاد جامعه شناسی، دانشگاه تبریز،تبریز،ایران

4 استاد جامعه شناسی دانشگاه تبریز،تبریز،ایران

چکیده

پژوهش باهدف «بررسی گرایش دانشجویان به دروغ‌گویی» می‌باشد. روش پژوهش، پیمایش و جامعه آماری، دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تبریز در سال 1398 با حجم نمونه 375 نفر به روش طبقه‌ای به‌دست آمد. شیوه گردآوری با استفاده از پرسشنامه می‌باشد. برای محاسبه‌ی ضریب قابلیت اعتماد ابزار اندازه‌گیری از روش آلفای کرونباخ و برای اطمینان از اعتبار صوری و محتوایی پرسشنامه از قضاوت اساتید در زمینه‌ی موضوع استفاده شده است. مبانی پژوهش «نظریه برگر و لاکمن، هابرماس، بوردیو، ساترلند و..» می‌باشد. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از spss18 و Amos استفاده شده است. بر اساس نتایج پژوهش بین «هراس اجتماعی، ساختار قدرت در خانواده، بیگانگی اجتماعی، فقر فرهنگی، محرومیت نسبی» رابطه مستقیم و بین «سرمایه اجتماعی، اقتصادی، فرهنگی، کنش ارتباطی» رابطه معکوس با گرایش به دروغ‌گویی به دست آمد. بر اساس نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون چندمتغیری، عوامل «اجتماعی، فرهنگی و اقتصادی» به میزان 37 درصد گرایش به دروغ‌گویی را تبیین می‌کنند و 63 درصد از واریانس توسط متغیرهای خارج از پژوهش قابل تبیین است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Social factors related to the tendency to lie among students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rogaye Velayati 1
  • Davood Ebrahimpoor 2
  • Mohammadbagher Alizadeh Aghdam 3
  • Mohamad Abaszadeh 4

1 PhD Candidate of Sociology, , Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch,Tabriz,, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Sociology, , Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch.Tabriz, Iran

3 Professorof Sociology, , University of Tabriz,, Tabriz, Iran

4 Professor of Sociology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to "investigate students' tendency to lie". Research method, survey and statistical population, students of Islamic Azad University of Tabriz in 1398 with a sample size of 375 people were obtained by stratified method. The method of collection is using a questionnaire. Cronbach's alpha method was used to calculate the reliability coefficient of the measuring instrument and to judge the face and content validity of the questionnaire, professors' judgments on the subject were used.. The basis of the research is "Burger and Luckman's theory, Habermas, Bourdieu, Sutherland, etc." Spss18 and Amos were used to analyze the data. According to the results of the study, there was a direct relationship between "social fear, power structure in the family, social alienation, cultural poverty, relative deprivation" and an inverse relationship between "social, economic, cultural, communication action" and the tendency to lie. According to the results of multivariate regression analysis, "social, cultural and economic" factors explain 37% of the tendency to lie and 63% of the variance can be explained by variables outside the study

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • tendency to lie
  • social fear
  • power structure in the family
  • Social alienation
  • Islamic Azad University of Tabriz
Atrifard M, Poetry, M R, Rasoulzadeh Tabatabai, K, Janbozorgi, M, Azadfallah, P, Banopour, A. (2012). "Evaluation of the effectiveness of behavioral cognitive therapy based on Hoffman model in reducing the symptoms of social anxiety disorder". Quarterly Journal of Counseling Culture and Psychotherapy. third year. No. 9. 51-23. [In Persian]
Bazargan, M (2017). Lies and its role in our religion and world, Tehran: Kavir, fifth edition. [In Persian]
Book, M. (1998). "The place of lies and its behavioral patterns in social relations." Social Sciences Monthly No. 12. 156-137. [In Persian]
Bukharaei, A (2014). Sociology of Social Deviations in Iran. Tehran: Sociologists. Third edition. [In Persian]
Burger, P, Thomas, L,. (2008). The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise on the Sociology of Cognition. Translator: Firooz Majidi. Tehran: Scientific and Cultural Publications. [In Persian]
Chalabi, M. (2013). "Action Space: A Regulatory Tool in Theorizing". Iranian Journal of Sociology. No. 4. 5-49. [In Persian]
Coen, B. (1397). Fundamentals of Sociology, translated by Gholamabbas Tavassoli and Reza Fazel, Tehran: Samat, 22nd edition. [In Persian]
Eckman, P (2014). Lying is at the forefront of all evils: The Behavior of Lies. Translated by Negin Keshavarzian. Tehran: Bright future. [In Persian]
Ghorbani, P. (2013). The social construction of lying. Master Thesis in Cultural Studies, Ministry of Science, Research and Technology. Faculty of Science and Culture. [In Persian]
Giddens, A. (2007). Sociology, translated by Manouchehr Sabouri, Tehran: Ney, twentieth edition. [In Persian]
Glac, K., Warren, Danielle E., & Chen, Chao C. (2012). Conflict in roles: Laying to the ingroupversus the out- group in negotiations, Sage Publications: 227-245.
Hart, Christian L, Terrizzi, Jr, John, , Curtis Drew A. (2019). Development of the Lying in Everyday Situations Scale, The American Journal of Psychology ·343-352.
Hassani, G. (2009). A Study of the Relationship between Political and Social Alienation and Political and Social Participation of Students in Tehran State Universities in 1987-86, Social Sciences Quarterly, No. 50, pp. 171-130. [In Persian]
Hosseinzadeh, A H, Bagheri, M, Razmara, A. (2015) "Study of socio-cultural factors affecting the social alienation of young people, studied by young people aged 18-25 years in Ahvaz" Quarterly Journal of Social Development. Volume 10. Number 2. 54-37. [In Persian]
Jalaeipour, H, Mohammadi, J. (2015) Recent Sociological Theories, Tehran: Ney, sixth edition. [In Persian]
Khodamoradi, E. (2015). Understanding the meaning of lies in the daily life of the people of Tehran. Master Thesis in Tehran Social Sciences. kharazmi University. [In Persian]
Kiwisto, P. (2004). Fundamental Thoughts in Sociology, translated by Hassan Chavoshian, Tehran: Ney. [In Persian]
Mahdavi, M S, Sabouri-Khosroshahi, H. (2004). "Study of the structure of power distribution in the family". women Studies. No. 1. First year. Pp27-67. [In Persian]
Martin, B. (2014). Telling lies for a Better world? Social Anarchism NO 39-27;35.
Marx, K. (2003). Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts 1844. Hassan Mortazavi. Tehran: Ad. Third edition. [In Persian]
Masip, J, Bethencourt, M, Lucas, G, Segundo, M & Carmen H (2012). Deception detection from Written Accounts.Scandinavian. Journal of Psychology. 2, Vol 53, 103-111.
Meibauer, J. (2011). OnLying: Intentionality, Implicature, Intercultural Pragmatics. Vol 8, Issue2, 277-292.
Muhaddith G, Hassan; Philosophical, S. (2015). "A sociological analysis of the readiness to lie." Special issue of Women's Research Journal. The sixth year. First issue, 155-133. [In Persian]
Police Station, S; Abbaszadeh, M; Amin Mozaffari, F, Rakaie Bonab, N.  (2009). "Sociological study of the tendency to have children and some related factors (Case study: married young people in Tabriz)". Applied Sociology. Year 21. Serial number (37). 104-83 [In Persian]
Rabbani, A, Rabbani, R, Hassani, M R. (2011). "The relationship between the feeling of relative deprivation and the tendency to national identity, case study: Isfahan University students". Applied Sociology. Year 22. Serial Issue 42. Second Issue. 67-94. [In Persian]
Ritzer, G. (2014). Sociological Theory. Translated by Houshang Naebi. Tehran: Ney. [In Persian]
Sadeghi, H. (2016). A Study of Socio-Cultural Factors Affecting Lying in Ardabil. Non-master's thesis, Islamic Azad University, Khalkhal Branch, Faculty of Social Sciences. [In Persian]
Sadidpour, S. S, Shoja Nouri, F  M. (2014). Honest action and its effective factors: confrontation of agency and structure in the institution of science. Quarterly Journal of Epistemological Studies at Islamic University. Year 18, No. 2. Pp209-228. [In Persian]
Seidman, S. (2017). Conflict of Opinions in Sociology. Translated by Hadi Jalili. Tehran: Ney. [In Persian]
Siddique Sarvestani, R. (2011). Social pathology, sociology of social deviations. Tehran: Samat. Seventh edition. [In Persian]
Topkhaneh zarei, M, Janbozorgi, M, Ahmadi Mohammadabadi, M R. (2013). "Study of the relationship between power structure in the family and its efficiency". Psychology and Religion. Year 6. Number 3. 53-70. [In Persian]
Zair Kaaba, R. (2009). Lies and underdevelopment of societies. Regional Conference on False Pathology in Society. Payame Noor Middle University.188-196. [In Persian]
Zangini, M. (2017). Study of social factors affecting immorality (lying) with emphasis on its consequences (social indifference and distrust), Master Thesis, Shahid Beheshti University, Faculty of Literature and Humanities. [In Persian]