نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار علوم قرآن و حدیث دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان،زاهدان، ایران

2 استادیار جامعه شناسی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران

چکیده

 
واکاوی ارتباط دانش‌های مختلف، مبنای مناسبی برای پژوهش، به‌خصوص برای دانش‌هایی که پاسخ سؤالات، جز با تحلیل بین‌رشته‌ای میسر نیست، فراهم می‌سازد؛ دانش اجتماعی از آغاز در ارتباط با علوم دیگر بسط و گسترش ‌یافته و توانسته پاسخ مسائل علوم مختلف را فراهم سازد. بهره‌گیری درست از دانش علوم اجتماعی می‌تواند در تبیین متون دینی که ساختار زبانی دارند، نقش‌آفرینی کند. در این پژوهش با روش توصیفی-تحلیلی، ارتباط دانش علوم اجتماعی با رهیافت‌های زبان‌شناختی تحلیل می‌شود تا غیرمستقیم راه را به‌خصوص برای تحلیل متون دینی هموار سازد. بررسی‌ها نشان می‌دهد، ارتباط دانش اجتماعی با دیگر علوم هم‌زمان نبوده، بلکه حداقل سه مرحله را پشت‌سر گذاشته است در مرحله سوم در اوایل قرن بیستم دانش اجتماعی تحت تأثیر زبان‌شناسی قرار گرفت. ظهور رویکردهای نوین زبان‌شناختی، نگرش جدیدی را فراروی تحلیل‌های اجتماعی بازگشود. با انقلاب روش‌شناختی در زبان‌شناسی، رویکردهایی ساختارگرایی و فراساختارگرایی در علوم اجتماعی ظاهر شدند که بر اهمیت زبان در روابط اجتماعی تأکید داشتند. در این پژوهش به‌خصوص مرحله سوم یعنی ارتباط دانش علوم اجتماعی با زبان‌شناسی و مکانیسم تأثیر و تأثّر آن‌ها نشان داده می‌شود. بر اساس این پژوهشِ بنیادی، می‌توان به تحلیل برون‌متنی دانش‌هایی مانند علوم قرآن و حدیث، حقوق، ادبیات و... که ماهیت بیشتر زبانی دارند، پرداخت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

An Analysis of the Impact of Linguistic Developments on the Views and Approaches of Social Knowledge

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hadi Zeini Malekabad 1
  • Mohammad reza Hasani 2

1 Assistant Professor of Quran and Hadith Sciences, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan,Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Sociology, Sistan and Baluchestan University, Zahedan, Iran

چکیده [English]

Analyzing the relationships between different scientific fields makes research possible, especially those fields where questions can only be answered by an interdisciplinary analysis. The connection between social knowledge and other scientific fields has long been developed and enabled answering the questions in various fields. Proper use of social science knowledge in explaining religious texts with various linguistic structures is of importance. In this research, a descriptive-analytical method was adopted to analyze the relationship between social science knowledge and linguistic approaches to indirectly enable the analysis of religious texts. Studies show that the relationship between social knowledge and other scientific fields has not been established all at once, but has gone through at least three stages. In the third stage, in the early twentieth century, social science was affected by linguistics. The emergence of new linguistic approaches created a novel approach to analysis of social texts. With the methodological revolution in linguistics, structuralist and post-structuralist approaches emerged in the social sciences that emphasized the importance of language in social relations. In this study, considering the third stage, namely the relationship between social science knowledge and linguistics, the bilateral effect of these two fields is shown. Based on this basic research, it is possible to conduct a discourse analysis of the texts in Quran and Hadith, law, literature, and various fields which have a close link with linguistics.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Linguistics
  • structuralism
  • discourse analysis
  • Quran and Hadith
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