نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار جامعه شناسی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی جامعه شناسی فرهنگی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

چکیده

بر اساس رویکرد غالب در توسعه، در چند دهه اخیر، مسیر رشد، در سطوح مختلف خرد و کلان از طریق تولید و تمرکز بر صنایع با ارزش‌افزوده بالا نظیر صنایع فرهنگی می­گذرد. برنامه­ریزی و مدیریت در فرایند تولید، توزیع و مصرف محصولات فرهنگی از شناخته‌شده‌ترین و مهم­ترین وظایف دولت­ها در سطح جهان است که از آن به­عنوان محور اصلی در توسعه اقتصادفرهنگ جوامع یاد می­شود. طبق رویکردهای جدید، نقش­آفرینی دولت در اقتصادفرهنگ نیازمند شاخصه­هایی است تا از این طریق فرایند توسعه تسهیل گردد. یکی از مهم­ترین این شاخصه­ها که مبتنی بر وجود زیرساخت­های نهادی است، شاخص­های ترکیبی حکمرانی خوب می­باشد. هدف مطالعه، بررسی رابطه میان شاخص­های حکمرانی خوب و توسعه اقتصادفرهنگ کشورها می­باشد. لذا با به­کارگیری روش تحلیل تطبیقی- کمی در میان 20 کشور توسعه­یافته و رشدیافته در اقتصادفرهنگ و ایران، توسعه­یافته­گی اقتصادفرهنگ و حکمرانی خوب موردبررسی قرار گرفته است. نتایج تحقیق نشان می­دهد که اقتصادفرهنگ ایران و شاخص­های حکمرانی خوب فاصله زیادی با کشورهای توسعه­یافته و رشدیافته دارند و این معرف توسعه­نیافتگی اقتصادفرهنگ در ایران است. هم­چنین نتایج تحلیل همبستگی و رگرسیون چندگانه نشان می­دهد که میان شاخص حکمرانی خوب و توسعه اقتصادفرهنگ این کشورها رابطه مستقیم و با شدت قابل قبولی (R2=0.50) وجود دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Governance and development of Economics of culture; Comparison of Iran and developed countries

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ardeshir Entezari 1
  • fatemeh Deralhshan 2

1 Associate Professor of Sociology, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph.D Candidate of Cultural Sociology , Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

According to the prevailing approach to development, the path of growth, at various micro and macro levels, is through production and focus on high value-added industries such as cultural industries.Planning and management in the process of production,distribution and consumption of cultural products is one of the most well-known and important tasks of governments in the world, which is considered as the main axis in the development of Economics of culture(DOEC).Government role-playing in EC needs characteristics to facilitate the development process. One of the most important of these indicators, which is based on the existence of institutional infrastructure, is the combined indicators of good governance(GG).The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between GG indicators and the DOEC of countries.Using the method of comparative-quantitative analysis among 20 developed and developed countries in EC and Iran, the DOEC and GG has been studied. The results show that Iran's DOEC and GG indicators are far from developed and developed countries and this indicates the underdevelopment of Iran's EC. Also, the results of correlation analysis and multiple regression show that there is a direct relationship between the index of GG and the DOEC of these countries with an acceptable intensity(R2 = 0.50).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Economics of culture
  • Cultural industries
  • Governance
  • Good Governance
  • Development
  • Government
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