آینده‌پژوهی تغییر ارزش‌های خانواده در ایران با استفاده از رویکرد تحلیل لایه‌ای علی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد جامعه شناسی دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران

2 استادیارمدیریت دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری جامعه شناسی مسائل اجتماعی ایران، دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران

چکیده

خانواده اساسی‌ترین نهاد اجتماعی است که وظیفه‌ی انتقال ارزش‌های جامعه به افراد را داراست. در دهه‌های اخیر تغییر در حوزه‌های مختلف جامعه خانواده را تحت تأثیر قرار داده است. لذا آینده‌ای متفاوت و نامعلوم در انتظار خانواده است که موجب هراس اجتماعی شده است. با توجه به خلأ تحقیقاتی در این زمینه، هدف تحقیق حاضر آینده‌پژوهی تغییر ارزش‌های خانواده است که تاکنون در ایران انجام نشده است، لذا به لحاظ موضوعی و رویکرد حاکم بر آن نوآورانه به‌حساب می‌آید. جامعه آماری تحقیق خبرگان حوزه‌‌ی جامعه‌شناسی و مطالعات فرهنگی بودند. حجم نمونه 17 نفر و ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها مصاحبه بود. بعد از پیاده‌سازی مصاحبه‌ها به کمک روش تحلیل تماتیک، تم‌های اصلی و فرعی مصاحبه‌ها استخراج گردیده و سپس با کاربست تحلیل لایه‌ای علی، مؤلفه‌ها و ابعاد آن‌ها در 4 سطح لیتانی، علل اجتماعی، گفتمان و اسطوره شناسایی شدند. استعاره/ اسطوره‌هایی که از آینده‌پژوهی ارزش‌های خانواده در ایران در تحقیق حاضر به دست آمد عبارت‌اند از: پاییز، فقط خودم، خانه به‌مثابه خوابگاه.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Future Study of Changing Family Values in Iran Using the Causal Layer Analysis Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohsen Niazi 1
  • Esmail Mazroui Nasrabadi 2
  • Shiva Aghabozorgizadeh 3
1 Professor of Sociology, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Management, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
3 PhD Candidate of Sociology of Social Issues in Iran, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The family is the most basic social institution that has the task of transmitting the values of society to individuals. In recent decades, changes in different areas of the family community have affected the family. So a different and unknown future awaits the family that has caused social panic. Given the vacuum of research in this area, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the future of family values change that has not been done in Iran so it is considered to  innovative in its thematic and dominant approach. The statistical population consisted of experts in the fields of sociology and cultural studies. The sample size was 17 persons and data collection tool was interview. After the interviews were conducted by thematic analysis method, the main themes of the interviews were extracted. And then, using the causal layer analysis, their components and dimensions were identified at four levels of Lithuanian, social causes, discourse, and myth. The metaphors / myths derived from the study of family values in Iran in the present study are: Autumn, only myself, home as a dorm.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Futures Studies
  • Family Values
  • Modernization
  • Causal layer analysis
  • Family
Akhavan Kazemi, B, (2009), Party and Party in Islamic Thought. Jurisprudence and Principles, 82: 11-42 [in Persian].
Asch, S. E. (1955). Opinions and social pressure. Readings about the social animal, 193, 17-26.
Ashore, D, (1989). Political Culture. Tehran: Morvarid Publication. [in Persian].
Chaboki, A, (2014). The Relationship Between Reference Groups and Political Attitude Change in University Students of Tehran University with Emphasis on Gender. Women in Development and Politics, 44: 74-57[in Persian].
Chehabi H.E, “The Political Regime of the Islamic Republic of Iran in Comparative Perspective,” Government and Opposition, Vol. 36, No. 1 (January 2001). 48-70.
Darabi, A, (2009). Theoretical Foundations of Citizens' Electoral Behavior in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Communication Research (Research & Measurement). 1: 9-37[in Persian].
Evans, J. (2005). Women, partisanship, and the Congress. Springer.
Frimer, J. A, Biesanz, J. C, Walker, L. J, & MacKinlay, C. W. (2013). Liberals and conservatives rely on common moral foundations when making moral judgments about influential people. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(6). 1040–1059.
Graham, J, Haidt, J, & Nosek, B. A. (2009). Liberals and conservatives rely on different sets of moral foundations. Journal of personality and social psychology, 96(5). 1029.
Graham, J, Nosek, B. A, & Haidt, J. (2012). The moral stereotypes of liberals and conservatives: Exaggeration of differences across the political spectrum. PloS one, 7(12), e50092.
Haas, M. L. (2012). The clash of ideologies: Middle Eastern politics and American security. Oxford University Press.
Haidt, J. & Graham, J. (2009). The planet of the Durkheimians, where community, authority and sacredness are foundations of morality. In Jost, J. T, Kay, A. C. & Thorisdottir, H. (Eds.). Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification (pp. 371-401). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Haidt, J. (2008). Morality. Perspectives on psychological science. 3(1). 65-72.
Haidt, J. (2012). The righteous mind: Why good people are divided by politics and religion. Vintage.
Haidt, J, & Graham, J. (2007). When morality opposes justice: Conservatives have moral intuitions that liberals may not recognize. Social Justice Research, 20(1), 98-116.
Hasannia, S, Khorrami, F, Sheikholeslami, R, (2015). The Relationship between Attachment Styles and Ethical Foundations through Mediating Ethical Identity. Social Psychological Research, 18: 98-75[in Persian].
Hodgkiss, P. (2013). A moral vision: human dignity in the eyes of the founders of sociology. The Sociological Review, 61(3), 417-439.
Houtman, D. (2003). Class and politics in contemporary social science:" Marxism lite" and its blind spot for culture. Transaction Publishers.
Jahangirzadeh, M, (2011). Transformational Cognitive Perspectives on Ethical Growth. Ethical Knowledge, 8: 101-122 [in Persian].
Jahanian, I, (2009). The Conservative and Rightist Radical Struggle in Parliament. Journal of Reports, 213:66[in Persian].
Ji, Q, & Janicke, S. H. (2018). Culture, Political Orientation, and Moral Foundations: A Comparison between China and the US. China Media Research, 14(1).
Keshavarz, H, (2011). Investigating the Relationship Between Different Religious Types and Political Tendencies. Thesis of Islamic Azad University of Garmsar, [in Persian].
Kim, K. R, Kang, J.-S, & Yun, S. (2012). Moral Intuitions and Political Orientation: Similarities and Differences between South Korea and the United States. Psychological Reports, 111(1), 173–185.
Koleva, S. P, Graham, J, Iyer, R, Ditto, P. H, & Haidt, J. (2012). Tracing the threads: How five moral concerns (especially Purity) help explain culture war attitudes. Journal of Research in Personality, 46(2), 184-194.
Mahdavi, M S, Zarei, A, (2012). Factors Affecting Adolescents' Attitude to Moral Values (Case Study of Third Year Middle School Students in Hamadan Province, 2004-2005). Iranian Sociological Studies, 7: 1-21, [in Persian].
Maibom, H. L. (Ed.). (2014). Empathy and morality. Oxford University Press (UK).
McAdams, D. P. (1995). What do we know when we know a person? Journal of personality, 63(3). 365-396.
-McAdams, D. P, Albaugh, M, Farber, E, Daniels, J, Logan, R. L, & Olson, B. (2008). Family metaphors and moral intuitions: how conservatives and liberals narrate their lives. Journal of personality and social psychology, 95(4), 978.
Mir-Hosseini, Z. “The Conservative: Reformist Conflict over Women's Rights in Iran.” International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society, vol. 16, no. 1, 2002, pp. 37–53.
Mirzaei, M, (2009). The Relationship between Religiousness and Electoral Behavior. Thesis of Tarbiat Modarres University, [in Persian].
Mohseni, M, (2007). A Survey on Iranian Cultural Sociology. Tehran: Institute for Culture, Art and Communication, [in Persian].
Motaghi, A, (2016). The Origin of Votes in the Ninth Parliamentary Elections in Kazerun City Based on the Views of Inglehart, Pia Norris and the Chicago School. Geography and Planning, 57: 237-25, [in Persian].
Naqibzadeh, A, (1999). The Impact of National Culture on Foreign Policy: The Case of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Journal of Foreign Policy, 51:651-637, [in Persian].
Pattnaik, S. K. (1982). Student Politics and Voting Behaviour: A Case Study of Jawaharlal Nehru University. Concept Publishing Company
Rahbar Ghazi, M, Rahmani, S, Bagheri Ajehieh, A (2015) Cultural and Political Conservatism: The Importance of Ethical Foundations. Cross-Cultural Studies, 25:77-94, [in Persian].
Samimi, F, (2011). Investigating Factors Affecting the Tendency to Principalist Ideology. Thesis Allameh Tabataba'i University, [in Persian].
Schwartz, S. H. & Bilsky, W. (1987). Toward a universal psychological structure of human values. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 550-562.
Scott, J. W, & Keates, D. (Eds.). (2001). Schools of thought: twenty-five years of interpretive social science. Princeton University Press.
Seifi Ghozloo, Seyed Javad, Hamidi Omid, Sharifi Goshav, Khalili Shiva, (2015). The Relationship between Ethics, Personal Values ​​and Marital Satisfaction among Couples in Moghan. Family Counseling and Psychotherapy, 1: 116-130, [in Persian].
Smith, C, & Sorrell, K. (2014). On social solidarity. In The Palgrave Handbook of Altruism, Morality, and Social Solidarity (pp. 219-247). Palgrave Macmillan US.
Vaisey, S, & Miles, A. (2014). Tools from moral psychology for measuring personal moral culture. Theory and society, 43(3-4), 311-332.
Van Leeuwen, F, & Park, J. H. (2009). Perceptions of social dangers, moral foundations, and political orientation. Personality and individual differences, 47(3), 169-173
Watkins, L, Aitken, R, & Mather, D. (2016). Conscientious consumers: a relationship between moral foundations, political orientation and sustainable consumption. Journal of Cleaner Production, 134, 137-146.