نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مطالعات سیاسی دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار علوم سیاسی دانشگاه اصفهان اصفهان، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری روابط بین الملل دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

بررسی نگرش سیاسی شهروندان مسأله‌‌ای است که در جامعه ما از جایگاه خاصی برخوردار است؛ چراکه نگرش‌‌ها مقدمه شکل‌گیری رفتارها و کنش‌های اجتماعی افراد هستند. در این راستا، یکی از عواملی که به نظر می‌‌رسد می‌‌تواند بر روی ترجیحات و نگرش سیاسی شهروندان در موقع انتخابات تأثیر گذارد، بنیان‌‌های اخلاقی هستند. در این راستا، این پژوهش سعی دارد تا با استفاده از نظریه (Haidt, 2001) در مورد بنیان‌‌های اخلاقی به تأثیر چنین بنیان‌‌هایی بر روی جهت‌‌گیری‌‌های سیاسی شهروندان بپردازد. جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل شهروندان شهر اصفهان در بهار سال 1396 می‌‌باشد که به روش نمونه‌‌گیری خوشه‌‌ای 599 نفر از آنان به‌عنوان حجم نمونه انتخاب شده‌‌ و با روش پیمایش موردمطالعه قرار گرفتند. در این راستا، نتایج پژوهش نشان می‌‌دهد درحالی‌که ارزش‌‌های اقتدار و تقدس باعث گرایش شهروندان به گروه‌‌های سیاسی اصول‌‌گرا می‌‌گردد اما افزایش نمرات ارزش اخلاقی انصاف و عدالت منجر به گرایش افراد به سمت اصلاح‌‌طلبی شده است. سرانجام نتایج پژوهش حاکی از آن است که برخلاف ادبیات نظری، ارزش‌‌های مراقبت و وفاداری تأثیر معنی‌‌داری بر روی نوع ترجیح سیاسی شهروندان نداشته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of the Moral Foundations Theory (MFT) on Isfahan Citizens' Political Preference

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyed Saied Hassanzadeh 1
  • Mahmoudreza Rahbar Ghazi 2
  • Mahnaz Goudarzi 3

1 PhD Candidate of Political Studies, University of Shahed, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Political Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

3 PhD Candidate of International Relations, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

چکیده [English]

Investigating citizens' political attitudes is an issue with a special place in society because attitudes are the prelude to individuals' formation of behaviors and social actions. In this regard, a factor that seems to influence citizens' preferences and political attitudes during elections is moral foundations. In this regard, this study tries to use the moral foundations theory (MFT) (Haidt, 2001) and its impact of such foundations on the political orientations of the citizens. The statistical research population included Isfahan citizens in the spring of 2017. Via a cluster sampling technique, 599 citizens were selected as the sample size and studied using the survey method. Research results showed that while values of authority and sanctity lead citizens to turn to principled political groups, rising scores of the moral value of fairness and justice have led to a tendency toward reformism. Finally, the results indicate that, unlike the theoretical literature, the values of care and loyalty did not significantly affect the citizens' political preference.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Care
  • Fairness
  • Group loyalty
  • political preference
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