فرامطالعه پژوهش‌های عوامل مؤثر بر سرقت در طول سال‌های 85 تا 96 در کلانشهر تهران و راهکارهای مقابله با آن

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار روانشناسی دانشگاه لرستان، خرم آباد

2 استاد آمار و روش های تحقیق دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر انجام فرامطالعه پیرامون پژوهش‌های صورت گرفته در رابطه با سرقت در طول سال های 85 تا 96 در کلانشهر تهران و راهکارهای مقابله با آن می‌باشد. 10 مطالعه در حوزه وقوع سرقت شناسایی شد. نتایج قسمت فرانظری و فراروش نشان دادند که پژوهش‌های صورت گرفته در زمینه موضوع پژوهش بجزء در موارد (مدل تحلیلی مستخرج از چارچوب نظری و بررسی پیشینه، آزمون مقدماتی وسیله اندازه‌گیری، تعریف عملیاتی، سنجش پایایی و روایی، ذکر محدودیت و موانع پژوهشی و ملاحظات اخلاقی) در حد نسبتاً مطلوبی قرار دارند و همچنین نتایج قسمت فراتحلیل نشان داد که شاخص اندازه اثر ترکیبی r در حوزه‌ی عوامل مؤثر بر وقوع سرقت در مدل ثابت 438/0 و تصادفی 414/0 که با توجه به معیار کوهن میزان اندازه اثر، زیاد بود. اما در بررسی جداگانه، در حوزه‌ی عوامل مؤثر بر وقوع سرقت اندازه اثر مقوله عوامل فردی بیشتر از مقوله‌های عوامل خانوادگی و فرهنگی- اجتماعی بود.نتایج آزمون رگرسیون ایگر، آزمون N ایمن از خطا، آزمون اصلاح و برازش دوال و توئیدی و نمودار قیفی، حاکی از عدم سوگیری انتشار در نمونه فراتحلیل بود. با توجه به ناهمگنی در مطالعات، تحلیل تعدیل کننده‌ها صورت گرفت که بیانگر تأثیر تعدیل کننده‌ی سال انجام و روش نمونه‌گیری بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Meta-study of Researches Factors influencing theft during years 85 to 96 in Tehran metropolis and strategies to deal with it

نویسندگان [English]

  • Houshang Garavand 1
  • Ali Delavar 2
1 Assistant Professor of Psychology , Lorestan University, Khorramabad
2 Professor of Measurement and Assessment, Allame Tabataba'i University, Tehran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of the present study was don meta-study about research done in relation to the theft during the years 85 to 96 in Tehran metropolis. 10 studies were identified in the field the occurrence of theft. The results part of the meta-theory and meta-method showed that the researches carried out on the subject of the research except in cases (the analytical model extracted from the theoretical framework and basics review, preliminary test of measuring instrument, operational definition, assess reliability and validity, the mention of research limitations and barriers and ethical considerations) are at a rather favorable level and also, the results of meta-analysis showed that the combined effect size index in the field of factors affecting of theft in the fixed model is 0.438 and randomized model 0.414,which according to Cohen's criterion, had a large amount of effect size. But in a separate survey, in the area of effective factors in the occurrence of theft effect size of individual factors was more than family and cultural-social factors. Results demonstrated that the publication bias in meta-analysis sample. Due to the heterogeneity in the studies, the moderators were analyzed which showed the moderating effect of the year and the sampling method.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • meta-study
  • meta-theory
  • Meta-analysis
  • Theft
  • Tehran Metropolis
Abasi Esfajeir, AA. Ghorbani Asl, VA. (2016). The Role of Social Components in Preventing Urban Crimes (Theft and Drugs) Case Study of Sari City Area Three. Urban Sociological Studies. 6 (20): 157-186. [in Persian]
Abdi, RA. Abdi, T. Najafi Khajeh Bolagh, A. (2018). Investigating the role of social crime prevention components in Islam in police success. Journal of Social Security Studies. 54, 55-97. [in Persian].
Agnew, R. (1995). The contribution of social-psychological strain theory to the explanation of crime and delinquency. The legacy of anomie theory. 6, 113-138.
Ahmadi, Kh. Khodadadi Sangdeh. J. Mollazamani. A. Khanzade. M. Aminimanesh. S. (2013). Adolescents'high risk behavior: The role of parental monitoring and affiliation with deviant peers. Journal of Counseling Research. 12 (48): 4-22. [in Persian]
Aliverdi Nia, A. (2014). The study on relationship between drug addiction and stealing vehicle parts and stealing property/valuables inside the vehicle (A case study of Tehran city). Entezam-E- Ejtemaei. 6 (1): 27-56. [in Persian]
Aliverdi Nia, A, Riahi, ME. Mousavi Chashami, SM. (2008). The Sociological Study of Delinquency: An Experimental Test of of Agnew's General Strain Theory. Iranian Journal of Sociology. 8 (2): 111-83. [in Persian]
Azkia, M. Tavakoli, M. (2006). Meta-analysis of Job Satisfaction Studies in Educational Organizations. Quarterly journal of Social Science. 27, 1-26. [in Persian]
Baniasad, Z. Bahrami, M. (2013). Investigating the relationship between the implementation of the police social security promotion plan and the feeling of security in Qeshm city. Hormozgan disciplinary scientific discipline. 4 (12): 115-152. [in Persian]
Bahari, F. Saberi, M. (2004). Comparison of family performance of divorced couples referred to forensic medicine organization and non-divorced couples. Scientific Journal of Forensic Medicine. 10 (34): 75-79.
Bayat, B. (2008). Meta-analysis of Social Injuries. Tehran: Publications of Law Enforcement Force of the Islamic Republic of Iran. [in Persian]
Bayat, B. (2010). Meta theft analysis theft. Social Security Studies. 19: 113-134. [in Persian]
Biabangard, I. (2011). Adolescent psychology. Ninth Edition. Tehran: Islamic Culture Publication Office. [in Persian]
Bottoms, AE. Wiles, P. (1997). Environmental criminology: The Oxford handbook of criminology.
Caldwell, RM. Beutler, LE. Ross, SA. Silver, NC. (2006). Brief report: An examination of the relationships between parental monitoring, self-esteem and delinquency among Mexican American male adolescents. Journal of Adolescence. 29, 459–464.
Carriaga, LM. Worrall, LJ. (2015). Police Levels and Crime: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. The Police Journal: Theory, Practice and Principles. 88(4): 315–333.
Changizi, L. (2007). Parental Divorce on Delinquency of 14-14 Year Old Adolescent Girls in Ahvaz. Master thesis. University of Rehabilitation Sciences and Social Welfare. [in Persian]
Dadmehr, AA. Rahimzadeh, S. Ziaei, M. (2018). Meta-analysis of the effectiveness of educational interventions in the field of reducing students' social harms. Second International Conference on Comparative Education. 20-22 November 2019, University of Kashan, Faculty of Basic Sciences. [in Persian]
Dehghani, M. Roushan, M. Ganjavi, A. (2008). An Investigation on Insufficient Forensic Psychology Assessment of Juveniles in Correction Service Center. Journal of Family Research. 4 (14): 167-178. [in Persian]
Delavar, A. (2015). Research Methodology in Psychology and Educational Sciences. Publishing editing. [in Persian]
Demuth. S. Brown. SL. (2004). Family structure, family processes, and adolescent delinquency: the significance of parentalDabsence versus parental gender. Journal of research in crime and delinquency. 41 (1): 58-81.
Emadeddin, SR. (2015). Investigating Factors Influencing Repeat Robbery by thieves "record" in sixth chief stations of Tehran police commander. Master thesis. [in Persian]
Hayhurst, PK, Pierce, M, Hickman, M. Seddon, T. Dunn, G. Keane, J. Millar, T. (2017). Pathways through Opiate Use and Offending: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Drug Policy. o39, 1–13.
Heilbrun. K. Goldstein. NES. Redding. RE. (2005). Juvenile Delinquency: Prevention, Assessment and Intervention. 1st ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
Jafari, M. Akbari, HR. (2014). The Impact of Public Participation Management on Prevention of Livestock theft. Journal of Social Discipline. 6 (3):35 - 57. [in Persian]
Joshan, D. (2006). Investigating the causes and motives of robbery of residential areas east of tehran and ways to deal with it. Master thesis. [in Persian]
Jost, GF. (2003). Juvenile delinquency in Japan: Reconsidering the Crisis. 1st ed. Boston: Brill’s Japanese studies library
Kalantari, M. Ghasri, M. Jabbari, MK. Ghezelbash, S. (2013). Geographical Investigating of Crime in Central Business District (CBD). geores. 28 (2):13-32. [in Persian]
Kaldi, A. Vaziri Pak, R. (2010). Social factors influencing on robbery in Iran (A case study of Tehran Railway Station: 2004-2006). Journal of Iranian social development studies. 1(3):173-179. [in Persian]
Kaheni, S. Hassanabadi, M. Saadatjoo, SA. (1999). Comparison of Anxiety and Aggression in Adolescents 12-19 Years Old in Discrete and Continuous Families. Scientific Journal of Birjand University of Medical Sciences. 7 (1): 9-15 [in Persian]
Madahi, M. (2011). Analysis effect of poverty and inequality income on crime (theft) among the provinces all over the country. Journal of Economic Research. 11 (3): 303-324. [in Persian]
Maguire, M. Morgan, R. Reiner, R. (2012). The Oxford Handbook of Criminology. Oxford University Press.
Mahmoudinejad, Kh. (2001). Comparison of the psychological climate of the family of normal and delinquent adolescents. Master thesis. Al-Zahra University. [in Persian]
Bessette, JM. (2000). Sociologie du crime.Translated by vahida. Mashhad: Astan Quds Razavi. [in Persian]
Mooney, LA. Knox, D. Schacht, C. (2014). Understanding social problems: Nelson Education.
Naseri, S. Makarian Farg, Z. Hazrati, S. (2018). Investigating the Role of Social and Cultural Factors Affecting Non-Returning to Prison among the Prisoners in South Khorasan Province. Journal of Social Disciplinary Research. 10 (3): 28-49. [in Persian]
Nazari, AM. (2015). The Role of Family in Juvenile Delinquency: A Meta-Analysis of Current Research. journal of counseling research. 14 (55):114-135. [in Persian]
Noghani Dokht Bahmani, M. Mir Mohamad Tabar, SA. (2015). Study of Economic Factors Affecting the Crime (Meta-analysis of Research Conducted in Iran). Strategic Research on Social Problems in Iran. 4 (3): 85-102. [in Persian]
Pearce, LD. Haynie. DL. (2004). Intergenerational Religious Dynamics and Adolescent Delinquency. Social Forces. 82 (4): 1553-1572.
Posick, Ch. Rocque, M. Whiteacre, K. (2012). Examining Metal Theft in Context: An Opportunity Theory Approach. Justice Research and Policy. 14(2): 79-102.
Qara Gozlu, A. (2014). Investigating methods of controlling criminals with a history of crime prevention. Master Thesis, University of Law Enforcement Sciences. [in Persian]
Rahimi, M. Edrisi, A. (2010). Investigating Factors Affecting Theft (Case study: Male clients of Tehran Correctional Center). Journal of Social Security Studies. 1 (23): 89-117. [in Persian]
Romero, AJ. Ruiz, M. (2007). Does familism lead to increased parental monitoring? Protective factors for coping with risky behaviors. Journal of Child and Family Studies. 16(2): 143-154.
Rouzbeh Golafshani, A. Emadeddin, SR. (2017). Effective measures to investigate the theft of recidivism in the eighth chief stations in Tehran. Journal of Social Security Studies. 8 (52): 119-228. [in Persian]
Safari, A. (2006). Theft in Iran. Tehran: Salman Publishing. [in Persian]
Salimi, A. Delavarei, M. (2001). The Sociology of Deviations. Qom: Research Institute of Hawzeh and University. [in Persian]
Shayegan, F. Jebeli, M. (2010). Investigating the Individual Factors Affecting Criminal Attitude (Women's Theft). Police Women. 4 (13): 63-100. [in Persian]
Shoemaker, D. J. (2009). Juvenile Delinquency. 1st ed. Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Siegel, JL. (2016). Criminology: Theories, Patterns and Typologies. Ninth Edition, Thomson/Wadsworth, Belmont, CA.
Singer, MI, Flannery, DJ, Guo. S. Miller, D. Leibbrandt, S. (2004). Exposure to violence, parental monitoring, and television viewing as contributors to children’s psychological trauma. Journal of Community Psychology. 32, 489–504.
Soleymani, M. Nayebi, H. (2012). Elucidating the Relationship between Self-alienation and Juvenile Delinquency. Journal of Social Security Studies. 3 (32): 89-111. [in Persian]
Sanaei, B. (2018). Marriage and family assessment scales. Tehran: Besat Publishing Institute. [in Persian]
Thornberry, TP. Krohn, MD. (2006). Taking stock of delinquency: An overview of findings from contemporary longitudinal studies: Springer Science & Business Media.
Vatani, A. Varvaei, A. Fatemi Movahed, H. (2017).  The Study of the Nature and the Factors Affecting the Occurrence of Robbery. Journal of Social Discipline. 9 (1): 127- 154. [in Persian]
Vatani, A. Fatemi Movahed, H. (2016). On the investigation of factors affecting the incidence of armed robberies. Social discipline. 8 (2): 85-108. [in Persian]
Vedadhir, AA. Naderi, H. (2019). Theft Studies in Iran: A Meta Analysis. Social problems of Iran. 10 (1): 263-285. [in Persian]
Velaei, H. (2015). Determining the factors affecting the commission of robbery by persons under 18 with criminological approach. Master thesis. [in Persian]
Wickramasekera, N. Wright, J. Elsey, H. Murray, J. Tubeuf, S. (2015). Cost of crime: A systematic review. Journal of Criminal Justice. 43(3): 218-228.
Zimmermann, G. (2006). Delinquency in male adolescents: The role of alexithymia and family structure. Journal of adolescence. 29(3): 321-332.