تجرد زیستی جوانان: پانتومیم دختران مجرد در ایستار ازدواج

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار جامعه شناسی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری جامعه شناسی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

در سه تا چهار دهه اخیر، دختران در فضای اجتماعی و فرهنگی جامعه ایران، فرصت‌های انتخاب و محدودیت‌های متفاوتی را برای شروع زندگی تجربه نموده‌اند. هدف این مطالعه فهم تجربه تجرد زیستی دختران، زمینه‌ها و چالش‌هایی آن‌هاست تا بتوان از طریق روش نظریه مبنایی دراین‌باره نظریه‌پردازی کرد. مشارکت‌کنندگان این پژوهش دختران 30 سال و بالاتر شهر تهران در سال 1397 بوده که بر اساس منطق نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و نظری با 22 نفر مصاحبه فردی و با دو دسته از افراد مصاحبه متمرکز به‌عمل‌آمده است. طبق فرایندهای کدگذاری، مقوله اصلی «پانتومیم دختران در ایستار ازدواج» به‌عنوان پدیده مرکزی استخراج گردید و نیز فرایند تصمیم‌گیری دختران در معرض فرصت‌های ازدواج، در چهار صحنه، ایستار بازگو نکردن ازدواج، ایستار بازی ندادن، بازی نکردن دختران برای ازدواج، ایستار بازماندن از ازدواج سنخ بندی شده‌اند. در فرایند و فهم چنین تجربه‌ای شرایط علی، زمینه‌ای و ساختاری مختلفی دخیل بود که به نوبه خود به راهبردهایی با مضمون «تجربه جدایی و انفکاک» توسط دختران بدان دامن می‌زند. چنین پدیده‌ای، چالش‌هایی را در قالب تداوم نفس اجتماعی با پیگیری پیشرفت حرفه‌ای، ستایش پرهیزگاری، رها کردن کاکتوس زندگی، وحشت سالمندی به همراه دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Single Lives of the Youth: A Pantomime of Single Girls in the Attitude of Marriage

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ahmad Ghiasvand 1
  • Zeinab Hajilu 2
1 Associate Professor of Sociology, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
2 Ph.D Candidate of Sociology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

In the last three to four decades girls in the social and cultural change of Iranian society have experienced different opportunities and restrictions to start life. In this regard, what can be proposed as a general issue of this research is to understand single lives experienced by girls, and their contexts and challenges, so that it can be theorized through the method of grounded theory. Participants in this study were girls of 30 years and older in Tehran in 1397. Sampling was based on the theoretical sampling and purposive sampling and, 22 individual interviews were conducted with two groups of individuals. According to coding processes the main category is extracted as a central phenomenon is "Girls Pantomime in marriage'' and also, the decision-making process of girls exposed to marriage opportunities is categorized In four scenes as: not recounting marriage, not involving girls in marriage, delaying marriage. Such attitude of marriages provides synchronicity of decision, hesitation, delay for marriage. In turn, it provokes strategies with themes "experiencing separation and segregation" by girls. Such experiences, as well as strategies, have consequences and challenges in the form of continuing the social breath by pursuing professional advancement, praising piety, abandoning the cactus of life and the horrors of old age.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Single Life of Girls
  • Girls Pantomime
  • Social Breath
  • Selective Marriage
  • Attitude of Marriages
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