عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Social movements as one of the important subjects in sociology, lately have achieved special position, so that Alen Touran means sociology as a knowledge of social movements. In this essay interim emphasizing on social movements and their theoretical dimentions, using documentary method, we point out to formation contexts of Jungle movement as one of the independent and popular movements which was formed following requests of inability of state, constitution movement and in effect of factors such as inequalities conflict of interests international conditions (first world war) exploitation and class oppression. Jungle movement in spite of internal and external agitated conditions, meanwhile presenting its ideology and platform and announcing republic. hoisted flug of fighting to oppresion and defencing independence and liberty of Iranian peopel. Mirzakoochak as a leader of this movement - that was accompanied by constitution intellectuals and libertiants and in order to fighting to internal oppression and external exploitation resorted to resisting to revolutionary compaign and mobilizing material and spiritual resources successed during colonists and internal depotism and initiated formost repulic system in Iran. Finally this movement because of international comprising between the Soviet republics and Great Britain and internal comprising between state of Iran and Soviet repablice, on internal problems attacking military forces of state, defeated.