عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Traffic, transportation, different types of urban trips, land-use and location of facilities in an urban area are complex issues in today's world and have attracted the attention of many urban and transportation planners. Study. analysis and undersiandig of the causes of these phenomena arc considered the first step towards solving related problems, such as air and noise pollutions, traffic congestion, traffic accident and wasting or over-using of natural and economic resources. Urban trips depend on the concentration of different economic, social, cultural and educational activities within a city. Therefore, the more dispersed activities in a city, the higher need and demand for trips will be experienced. Educational trips by university and higher education institutes' students are an important pan of urban trips, particularly in large cities. such as Tehran. This paper examines the causes and effects of different elements; namely gender of the student, mode of transportation,
field of study, time of trip, cost of trip and the quality of the modes of transport.
A sample of 303 students in the faculty of social sciences were randomly
chosen and the data were collected by a questionnaire. Afterwards, different trip patterns were identified by analysing the data. To minimize educational trips, the following suggestion are ma<.Ies:
1- Rationally limiting the number of non-local students.
2- Providing accomodation nearby the faculty or university.
3- Providing charter buses for students.
4- Providing affordable and convinient public buses.
5- Concentrating all faculties and other services in a site, in which travelling on foot and/or by bicycle is made possible and encouraged