عنوان مقاله [English]
The main objective of this article is to investigate critically the scientific mainstreams of anthropology and its aftermaths in Iran. Three major branches of anthropology of Iran are as following: 1- Islamic-Iranian anthropology 2- Academic anthropology 3- Informal anthropology These three branches have been divided into two main courses according to the attitudes of anthropologists to the Iranian culture and society: a) engaged anthropology and b) aimless anthropology. Then the writer has tried to explain the pathoes and criticisms related to the aimless anthropology. Firally, the necessities of our society to consider the anthropology as a science for scientific stwdy of culture has been shown.