عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
This article is a precis of a 553-pages report which reflects the status of criticism in the Iranian press, the roots of forming criticism in the Iranian press, and the ways to increase the applications of criticism in the Iranian press. Accepting the documentary, rationalistic critiques can promote the awareness and The writer wants to explain the following objectives: a) The general purpose is to evaluate the effects of the father's addiction on hi: family's functions; b} The specific purposes are to evalua�e the effects of the father's addiction on the socialozation of the children, father's economical and supporting roles, and socia relations of his family members. According to the preliminary studies and theoric examinations, it has beer concluded that the following factors and categories are disturbed in a addicted-father family: a) socialization of children; b) father's authority and economical role; c) supporting role of the father; d) social relations among the family members; On the basis of the above conclusions, four general hypothesises were provided and the research framework was drawn, comparing two groups of families · havim addicted and non-addicted fathers-in Tehran. This research which is a comparative-explanatory one, was realized by means o planned comparison. In this research, two groups of families were selected: 1. The main group, including one hundred families in Tehran, bearing the followiru specifications: a) having 5-12 years old children; b) father's addiction to Heroin; c) duration of addiction, more than five years; d) living of the father with his family until the time of the interview. 2. The comparison group, incluiding one hundred families without father' Furthermore, in recent years in Iran, many social problems which have been reflected in the Persian literary texts, have been deeply considered. This article has been prepared on the base of the two above-mentioned point of views.