عنوان مقاله [English]
Mohammad Ebrahim Movahedi
Mohammad Hossein Panahi
Date of Receive: 2014/3/7
Date of Accept: 2014/6/10
changes of Local and regional governance institution in Iran, associated with socio-political conditions of the society, is a topic that have not been attended yet in historical researches. This research has investigated the above-mentioned topic in Bikhejat of Fars with singularity approach to the historical reality, by a mixed method of grounded theory and oral history. The findings show that changes in local and regional governance institution and public socio-political conditions in Bikhejat, on the one hand, has been affected by macro socio-political conditions of the country, and on the other hand, by special socio-political conditions of the region. This is debated in two dispersed patterns: non-centralized sovereignty (from the onset of Qajar to about 1934, and from August 1941 to 1948) and centralized sovereignty (modern state) (from about Solar 1934 to August 1941, and from 1948 to now). The main rapture point is the establishment of a totalitarian modern
state in Iran, when local governments are abolished and dissolved; from then
on the changes in local governance follows the formation of the modern state. Moreover, the findings reveal that there is a difference between the history of conformation of non-centralized (federal) sovereignty and modern state in Bikhejat and Tehran; i.e. it is necessary to take into consideration the historical times and multiple temporalities of realities in theorizing state in Iran.