مواجهه با تکنولوژی: تأملی بر دیدگاه های نظری و تجارب ایرانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار جامعه شناسی دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی دانشگاه اصفهان

چکیده

در حال حاضر تکنولوژی، به جزء جدایی‌ناپذیری از هستی اجتماعی انسان‌ها مبدل شده و مهم‌ترین عامل دگرگونی اجتماعی جوامع است. بااین‌حال جوامع مختلف با توجه به قابلیت-های فرهنگی خود واکنش‌های متفاوتی در قبال تکنولوژی داشته‌اند. برخی با درک صحیح ماهیت و اهمیت تکنولوژی مدرن، از آن به‌مثابه فرصتی بی‌نظیر برای پیشرفت خود بهره‌برداری کرده‌اند و برخی دیگر به‌صورت اقتضایی و نسنجیده به ورود تکنولوژی دست‌زده و با پیامدهای فرهنگی عدیده آن دست به گریبان‌اند. سؤال محوری مقاله این است که مواجهه ما با تکنولوژی چگونه بوده و چه تحلیل‌ها و چاره‌جویی‌هایی از سوی اندیشمندان ما در این خصوص ارائه‌شده است؟ برای پاسخ شایسته به این سؤال ابتدا دیدگاه‌های مختلف درباره تکنولوژی طرح و نقاط قوت و ضعف هر یک از آن‌ها به‌تفصیل مورد واکاوی قرار گرفت. سپس از منظر تاریخی، فلسفی، اجتماعی، فرهنگی و سیاسی تلاش شد نحوه مواجهه جامعه ما با تکنولوژی مدرن تحلیل شود. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که در کنار برخورد دوگانه و پارادوکسیکال با تکنولوژی در جامعه ما، تلاش‌های نظام‌مندی برای فهم پروبلماتیک تکنولوژی نیز صورت نگرفته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Encountering with Technology: Reflections on Theoretical Perspectives and Iranian Experiences

نویسنده [English]

  • Reza Hemmati
Assistant Professor of Sociology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

At the present time, technology has become an integral part of the social existence of humans and is the most important factor in the social transformation of societies. However, different societies, given their cultural capabilities, have been various responses to technology. Some societies with the proper understanding of the nature of modern technology have used it as an unimaginable opportunity for their progress. Others have contributed to the importation of technology as a contingency, and now they are struggling with many cultural implications. The main question of the article is, what is our encountering with technology, and what analyzes and solutions have been provided by our thinkers in this regard? To answer this question, at first, various views on technology were put forward and strengths and weaknesses of each of them were elaborated in detail. Then, from the historical, philosophical, social, cultural and political point of view, we tried to analyze how our society encounters with modern technology. The results showed that in addition to the paradoxical approach to the technology in our society, systematic efforts to understand the problematic of technology have not been made.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Technology
  • technology paradox
  • Janus face of technology
  • technology studies
  • cunstruction of technology
  • critical technology of theory

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