سبک‌های هویت‌یابی و جهت‌گیری‌های ارزشی (موردمطالعه: جوانان شهر سنندج)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار بخش علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه پیام نور.

چکیده

مطالعه حاضر درواقع پژوهشی در حوزه روانشناسی اجتماعی است و به بررسی وضعیت جهت‌گیری‌های ارزشی جوانان شهر سنندج (18-29) که بازتاب اهداف متعالی و مطلوب و اولویت‌های کنشی و باوری آن‌هاست در پیوند با سبک‌های هویتی می‌پردازد. روش پژوهش حاضر توصیفی-تحلیلی از نوع همبستگی، کاربردی و پیمایشی و مقطعی است (نیمه دوم سال 2017). حجم نمونه مقتضی 345 نفر و نمونه‌گیری نیز به روش خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای انجام‌گرفته ‌است. یافته‌های تجربی حاکی از ارتباط معنادار و مثبت میان سبک هویت‌یابی اطلاعاتی با ابعاد آمادگی برای تغییر و شاخص موفقیت در بعد خودافزایی ارزش‌های فرهنگی؛ سبک هنجاری با بعد محافظه‌کاری و نهایتاً سبک هویت‌یابی آشفته با ارزش‌های فرهنگی در راستای تأکید بر منافع فردی مانند ارزش‌های مربوط به خودافزایی است. به لحاظ نظری، می‌توان عنوان نمود که علی‌رغم تمرکز بر جنبه‌های متمایز، نوعی یکپارچگی نظری، محتوایی و پیش‌فرض‌های همپوشان به‌ویژه در رابطه با انگیزه‌های انسانی در این دو گونه‌شناسی (سبک‌های هویت‌یابی و ارزش‌های فرهنگی) و بحث نظری در راستای خود، هویت و فرهنگ وجود دارد. چنین وضعیتی را بیش از همه می‌توان به تعبیری وبری به‌مثابه نوعی رابطه یا هماهنگی انتخابی میان سبک‌های هویتی و ارزش‌های فرهنگی تلقی کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identity Styles and Value Orientations (Case Study of the Youth of Sanandaj City)

نویسنده [English]

  • Yaghoub Ahmadi
Associate Professor of Sociology, Payamnoor University
چکیده [English]

The present study is essentially a research in the field of social psychology and studies the status of youth value orientations in Sanandaj (18-29), which reflects the transcendental and desirable goals and their priorities and beliefs in relation to identity styles. The research method is descriptive-analytic, correlative, applied, survey and cross-sectional (second half 2018). The sample size was 345 and sampling was done by multi-stage cluster sampling. The empirical findings indicated a significant and positive relationship between the style of information identification with the dimensions of oppenness to change and the index of success in the self-enhancing dimension of cultural values; a normative style with a conservative dimension and finally, the style of diffused identification with cultural values ​​in relation to emphasis on individual interests such as values ​​related to self-improvement. Theoretically, it can be pointed out that, despite the focus on distinct aspects, there is a kind of theoretical and content integrity and overlapping hypotheses, especially in relation to human motivations in these two typologies (identity styles and cultural values) and theoretical discussion in direction of the self, identity and culture. Such a situation can most often be construed as Weberian debate as "selective relationship" (Saboori, 2009) between identity styles and cultural values.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • value
  • Culture
  • Cultural Values
  • Identity
  • identity styles
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