سازندگان فن‌سالار و خلق ارزش: کشاکش منفعت‌جویی و اعتباریابی؛ مطالعه موردی عاملان اجتماعی بازار مسکن در مشهد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته دکترای جامعه شناسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد.

2 استادیار جامعه شناسی اقتصادی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

3 استادیار اقتصاد دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

این پژوهش که به واکاوی کنش سازندگان مسکن، شرایط حاکم بر کردار آنان، عوامل مؤثر و راهبردهای اتخاذی از سوی آنان می‌پردازد. بر اساس تحلیل نظام‌مند مصاحبه‎های عمیق با 25 نفر از فعالان حوزه مسکن در مشهد به روش نظریه زمینه‌ای با رویکرد اشتراوس و کوربین صورت گرفته است. ماحصل کدگذاری باز داده‌ها 256 کد اولیه بود که در قالب 20 مقوله محوری قرار گرفت و درنهایت پدیده مرکزی تحت عنوان «سازندگان فن‌سالار در کشاکش منفعت‌جویی و اعتبار یابی» به دست آمد. ازجمله مقوله‎های اصلی به‌دست‌آمده به‌عنوان شرایط زمینه‌ای می‌توان به «وضعیت اقتصادی کلان‌شهر مشهد»، «تحولات اجتماعی و فرهنگی در زمینه الگوی سکونت شهری» اشاره داشت؛ شرایط مداخله‎ای متشکل از «تحولات فناورانه در صنعت ساختمان»، «تخصص زدایی از ساخت مسکن»، «هزینه‌های تأمین و تضمین نهاده‌های ساخت»، «آشفتگی در اجرای قوانین و مقررات» و «تحول سهم ارزش زمین در قیمت مسکن» و شرایط علّی شامل «توانایی مدیریت فعالیت‌های متعدد»، «برخورداری از سرمایه لازم یا امکان جذب آن» و «ویژگی‌های شخصیتی مساعد» بوده است. اخذ راهبردهایی همچون «جابجایی نقش»، «سازندگی مشارکتی» و «تغییر در الگوی ساخت‌وساز» منجر به پیامدهایی شامل «فرازوفرود تناوبی سطح عملکرد سازنده» و «اعتبار یابی وابسته به عملکرد در بازار» شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Technocratic Builders and Value Creation: the Struggle for Interest and Credit; a Case Study of Social Agents in the Mashhad Housing Market

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoud Chari sadegh 1
  • Ahmadreza Asgharpourmasouleh 2
  • Gholamreza Sedigh Ouraee 2
  • Mehdi Kermani 2
  • Mahdi Feizi 3
1 PhD of Sociology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.
2 Assistant Professor of Economic Sociology in Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
3 Assistant Professor of Economics in Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
چکیده [English]

This study explores the action, conditions governing the action, practical factors, and strategic approaches of the builders in the housing market. It is an exploratory, qualitative, applied, and cross-sectional research. Accordingly, a systematic analysis of the in-depth interview with 25 people in the housing market in Mashhad was conducted using the Strauss and Corbin's ground theory method. As a result, 256 sub-categories were obtained, and after several coding steps, finally, based on selective coding, the central phenomenon was called "technocratic builders in the struggle for interest and credit". The obtained paradigmatic model included a set of conditions. For example, ground conditions have been formulated as "the economic situation of the metropolitan of Mashhad" and "socio-cultural changes in the pattern of urban housing". Interventional conditions include "decline expertise of housing construction", and "the evolution of the share of land value in housing prices". Causal conditions include "the ability to manage multiple activities", "having the necessary capital or the possibility to absorb it" and "awareness of market conditions". Taking strategies such as "participatory construction", "continuous construction" and "change in construction pattern" lead to the consequences like the "periodic ups and downs at the level of builder performance", "involving with the challenge of balancing profit and loss".

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Housing builders
  • Housing supply
  • Housing market agents
  • Interest
  • Grounded Theory

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