انگ خوردگیِ سکونت‌گاه غیر رسمیِ نوکان در کرمانشاه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه جامعه شناسی دانشگاه رازی

2 استادیار گروه جامعه‌شناسی دانشگاه رازی

3 کارشناسی ارشد مطالعات فرهنگی دانشگاه رازی

چکیده

این مقاله تلاش می‌کند فرآیند انگ‌خوردگی محله نوکان در شهر کرمانشاه را بررسی کند. چارچوب نظری پژوهش مبتنی بر آراء راب شیلدز در باب «فضاسازی اجتماعی» است. شیلدز، فرآیند برساخت معنای مکان را ناشی از روندهای عینی در زندگی روزمره می‌داند که به طرق مختلف حکایت‌ها و تصوراتی را درباره آن برساخته و اسطوره‌-مکان را شکل می‌دهند. روش تحقیق مردم‌نگاری است و تکنیک گردآوری داده‌ها شامل مشاهده‌مشارکتی و مصاحبه‌عمیق می‌باشد. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان می‌‌دهد که روندهای مختلفی در برچسب-خوردگی آن نقش دارند: شهرداری با انتشار ایماژه مکان «دهاتی» از ارائه خدمات به این محل امتناع می‌ورزد. نیروی انتظامی با برچسب «خشونت» و «مکان جرم‌خیز» در منازعان محله دخالتی ندارد. آموزش‌وپرورش بچه‌های مدارس نوکان را بی‌نظم و ناهنجار معرفی می‌کند. همچنین با تأمین نکردن زیرساخت‌های لازم دانش‌آموزان برخی مقاطع را به محلات دیگر می‌فرستند که در منازعات با محلات دیگر بر انتشار برچسب‌ها دامن می‌زنند. از سوی دیگر، راننده تاکسی‌ها، مغازه‌داران، مستاجرین و زنان کوچه‌نشین چنین تصوراتی را بازتولید و بر آن صحه می‌گذارند. سرانجام این‌که در فرآیند داغ‌خوردگی نوکان صرفاً زبان و نشانه‌ها ارجحیت ندارند بلکه عمل افراد در زندگی‌روزمره نیز از جایگاه ویژه‌ای برخوردار است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Stigmatization of the Nukan Informal Habitat in Kermanshah

نویسندگان [English]

  • Siavash Gholipoor 1
  • Nader Amiri 2
  • Sara Korani 3
1 Assistant Professor of Sociology, Razi University
2 Assistant Professor of Sociology, Razi University
3 Master of Sociology, Razi University
چکیده [English]

This article seeks to examine the process of stigmatization of the Nukan neighborhood within Kermanshah. The theoretical framework is based on Rob Shields' concepts of "social spatialisation”. Shields considers the process of constructing meaning of a space to be a result of the objective procedures of everyday life that construct suppositions about meaning and form space-myths through various ways. The research method is ethnography and the data collection technique includes participatory observation and intensive interviews. The findings of the survey indicate that Nukan has topographically isolated geography and that some social borders have intensified this dissociation. Different procedures have a role in labeling Nukan as such. By announcing the image space to be "rural, " the municipality avoids providing any service to the area. By labeling the area as "violent" as well as a "crime hotspot, " the police force avoids interference in quarrels. The Department of Education declares students of schools within Nukan to be "chaotic" and "abnormal." Also, by not providing the essential substructures, they transfer students of certain grades to other regions, which results in even more labeling when students get into quarrels in those regions. On another hand, taxi drivers, shopkeepers, tenants and women gathering in alleys to talk and pass time propagate and sustain such suppositions. In conclusion, in the process of Nukan's stigmatization, not only coarse language and impressions, but also people's behaviors in everyday life play a decisive role.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • stigmatization
  • image space
  • Social exclusion
  • spatialisation
  • Nukan
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