عنوان مقاله [English]
The present study aimed at introducing water as a problem and its destructive consequences on Iranian society, recognizing the reasons behind the water problem and offering solutions to control it. It was a descriptive analytical study supported by reliable experimental data and statistics. The results showed that Iran is suffering three water problems: water pollution, water shortage and drying of lakes and lagoons. Water problems have many threateningly natural, sanitary, political and socio-economic consequences for sustainable development of Iranian society. The theoretical framework of the study is based on sustainable development theory. The main reason for the current water problems in Iran arose out of a model of classic economy which does not follow the environmental principles of sustainable development. The other factors include climate chang, construction dams, industrialization, urbanization, population growth and Traditional agriculture with low productivity. The key solution for resolving the water problem is the Following the principles of environmental sustainability in industrial development plans. The other solutions are promotion of public culture, refining the harvest and consumption patterns of water in all sectors of the economy, especially agriculture, Optimizing water resource management, Increase the economic value of water,giving constitutional guarantee to environmental programs, and using modern technologies.