عنوان مقاله [English]
Society is classified into two groups, the political elites who govern the people and non-political people who are governed. The relationship between these groups has been always one of the perpetual and the everlasting question in political philosophy and political sciences. The subject of political sociology is the current relation of people and governors, and the subject of political philosophy is the appropriate relation of them. Although in some periods of the history some ethical elites came to power and struggled to organize those relations, in conflicts of bitter objective limited facts, rough facts could overcome ethical norms, so it put an end to the honeymoon of the temporary relation of the governors and the people. A suitable relation between the governors and people could make to get knowledge about people’s situation, their shortage or satisfaction (getting their insight), also it could make to understand the feeling and emotion, calling or curse, and pain or joy of them (getting their attitude). These two prerequisites bring about rational and appropriate behavior of the politicians toward Ra’iyyat (whom the government is responsible for).
In this article, we try to study the relations of people and rulers, then with pathology, present some suitable solutions. The method of gathering data is library research, and the method of analysis is qualitative and interpretive content analysis.