عنوان مقاله [English]
Current situation and positions of the rural community can be the result of functional relationships and operation of the local community in relation to external factors as the state and city, which led to the transformation of the social, economic and production systems in the rural community. In this process of transformation, the traditional villages, from a closed, self-sufficient, self-managed and resilient society, based on the production and value of work, cooperative and participatory institutions and local community; has been changed to nontraditional community, which is dependent on consumption, vulnerable, based on individualism, money value and the official institutions. The idea of this paper is to review the changing process of traditional to quasi modern society and the necessity of reforming the path towards ecological sustainability of the society. This process has been investigated within the framework of the relationship between the state and the nation in terms of the concepts of local governance, sovereignty and good governance. In our view, the functional and practical currency in relation to the government is transition of local authority to rule the state. To change the situation and create a desirable society we should move towards good governance. The theoretical basis of this discussion is the idea of good governance and social and ecological views for the creation of ecologically sustainable society. The research method in this article is process review and description and analysis based on ideas, theories and practical experiences.