عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Sociology has experienced a specific era in recent decades: on the one hand, emphasizing the methodic and conceptual guidance and on the other hand, escaping from the sheer rationalism, harmful influences of which have resulted in creating post • modernization thoughts in different sciences. Weber is known as one of the main founders of sociology, but his writings have been extended from this arena to encompass historical, legal • ideology, economic and comparative study areas. Weber's thoughts, though with changes, is still used in sociology. Winch has been active in the field of philosophy, cognition and social thoughts before entering the sociology area. Differentiating between science and philosophy, he believes that mission of science is the study of causational nature of small events while that of philosophy is the study of nature of reality. In this paper, the author tries to embark on the methodological theories and ideas of Max Weber and Peter Winch. While having some common grounds, these two scholars have had unique investigations and explorations with distinct velocity and profundity in the word of meaning and act, nature and existence and existence or object and subject.