عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
According to Pahlavi texts, one might say that rose Flower has been holy in ancient Iran and in Islamic era it has been still holy. Moslims attribute rose to their prophet, Mohammad (Peace be upon him). Iranians of ten use flowers in their cremonies and since flowers are short-Jived they produced rose-water, to substitute with rose flower. This paper is about the history of rose flower and rose-water in Iran and in the Islamic culture, geographical distribution of the flower and rose-water production centers, methods in producing rose-water, and utilization of rose-water in national and religious rituals.