عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
During the years of 1981 - 1988, while the young men of the Iranian villages were dispached to the war fronts, management of the rural affairs was trasferred to women and the old. Observations indicate that the rural women, in adition to performing theese usual duties, managed rural organizations to support the Iranian army. In this relation, at the end of the year 2000, a pilot research project was conducted in rural area of Garmsar. This paper contains the results of the research.