عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Undoubtedly, it can be declared that "participant observation", which is a principal method in ethnology, fragilizes the "objectivity" and "generalization" principles in social researches. Hence, this method is a unique, innovative and powerful method which responds our needs better than any other Western methods through collecting information. Participant observation makes it possible for Iranian researchers to apply their traditional verbal interaction called "le recit du caeur" (darcl.e del) seriously and make use of it scientifically. Participant obserbation has two main characteristics: a) suppression the cultural distance between enquirer and infomrmant, and b) deep observation of real and pragmatic behaviors of the statistical society in our culture which enjoys double language and behavior. Familiarity to this method which has been clearly explained in this paper by Helen Cbauchat _ professor of social sciences at Rene Descartes (Sorbonne) University - is an opportunty for Iranian social researchers to adopt and enrich it through adaption it to the population situatioos in Iran.