عنوان مقاله [English]
The aim of this study was to distinguish conditions and factors of low fertility in Iran and to suggest direct paths along which policies with regard to fertility could be adopted and implemented. First, we observed that current state of Iran’s population is exceptionally favorite for development and consequently for the youth employment and marriage. In fact, correct and on time utilization of the available opportunities provided by current state of population transition not only makes conditions conductive for increased level of fertility in Iran, it also enhances effectiveness of factors upon which direct paths to increased fertility are founded. Second, direct paths to increased fertility were inferred from a theoretical model in which current level of fertility considered to be a function of intended parity (IP) and it’s six adjusting factors. Excluding two robust and less effective factor (gender preference and replacement effect ), remaining factors , based on adopted theoretical approach and with regard to their inferred policy orientation, classified as (1) consistent (sub/infecundity and tempo effect ) and (2) potentially consistent or non-consistent(competition and unwanted fertility) with women’s wants an desires . Then, potential of each factor and the prospect of it’s corresponding path to increased fertility was studied and evaluated.