فهم تجربه‌‌های تبعیض و نابرابری قومی در دانشگاه‌‌های ایران: مطالعه موردی ترک‌ها و کردها

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد مطالعات فرهنگی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

2 دانشجوی دکتری جامعه شناسی فرهنگی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

10.22054/qjss.2020.44699.2135

چکیده

وضعیت اقلیت‌های قومی در ایران از نظرگاه نابرابری و تبعیض قومی دهه‌‌هاست که موضوع دغدغه‌‌ها و مباحثات عمومی در داخل و خارج از ایران بوده است، اما تجربۀ واقعی و انضمامی قومیت‌ها در درون میدان‌های اجتماعی و نهادهای مدرن ایران به‌ندرت موضوع بررسی‌های علمی و تجربی بوده است؛ بررسی تجربه‌‌های زیستۀ کردها و ترک‌‌ها درون نهاد تأثیرگذاری همچون دانشگاه می‌‌تواند فهم ما را از کارکردهای قومی نهادهای مدرن در ایران ژرفا ببخشد؛ براین‌‌اساس، این مقاله با رویکردی کیفی و پدیدارشناسانه، تجربۀ زیستۀ قومیتی دانشجویان ترک و کرد را با تمرکز بر تجربه‌‌های تبعیض و نابرابری در چهار دانشگاه در ایران بررسی می‌کند. بدین منظور، مصاحبه‌‌های نیمه‌‌ساختاریافته‌‌ای با 35 دانشجو انجام شده است. داده‌‌ها با تکنیک تحلیل مضمون تجزیه‌‌وتحلیل شده‌اند که برآیند آن، 3 مضمون اصلی و 8 مضمون فرعی بوده است. یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهند که تجربۀ دانشگاه برای دانشجویان ترک و به‌خصوص کرد، دربردارندۀ وجوه قابل‌توجهی از حس تبعیض و نابرابری قومی به‌خصوص حول دو محور زبان و مذهب است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Understanding the Ethnic Discrimination and Inequality in Iranian Universities: Case Study of the Turks and Kurds

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abotorab Talebi 1
  • Sajad Alizadeh 2
1 Professor of Cultural Studies, Allameh Tabataba'i University
2 Ph.D Candidate of Cultural Sociology, Allameh Tabataba'i University
چکیده [English]

The situation of ethnic minorities in Iran in terms of ethnic discrimination and inequality has been the subject of concerns and public debates both inside and outside Iran for decades, but the actual and concrete experiences of the ethnic groups within the modern institutions of Iran has rarely been the subject of empirical studies. The study of lived experiences of the Turks and Kurds within an influential institution like the university can deepen our knowledge of the ethnic functions of modern institutions in Iran. Therefore, using the qualitative and phenomenological approach, this article studies the ethnic lived experiences of the Kurdish and Turkish students focusing on experiences of discrimination and inequality in four universities in Iran. For this purpose, semi-structured interviews conducted with 35 students. Data were analyzed using the thematic analysis technique that resulted in 3 main themes and 8 sub-themes. The findings show that the university experiences for the Kurdish and Turkish students especially for the latter includes significant aspects of the sense of ethnic discrimination and inequality occurring especially around two lines of language and religion.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ethnic discrimination and inequality
  • Turkish and Kurdish Students
  • university
  • Linguistic inequality
  • Religious discrimination
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