عنوان مقاله [English]
The Iranian identity has been the focus of historians and writers throughout Iran's history as a considerably important topic. The Iranian identity means an emotional attachment and commitment to Iran’s cultural heritage, political heritage, and common ancestry. In the present study, it is attempted to study and investigate the Iranian identity based on the aforementioned definition in the ideas and thoughts of Abū ʿAlī Miskawayh in his historiography. The way he adopts his historiography has greatly influenced the development of the horizons of Iranian historiography. Thus, by studying and exploring Masqawi's works one can identify concepts about Iran, Iranian thought, appropriate models of the political system, etc. The present paper, using a descriptive-analytic method, seeks to answer the question: what are the ideas of Iranian identity in the writings of Miskawayh? The results of the research show that in Miskawayh’s thoughts, history and historical past have played the most important role in the revival and reconstruction of the Iranian identity in the Islamic era. By highlighting the Iranian identity, Miskawayh aims to use the institution of Iranian monarchy instead of the caliphate. Indeed, this would give credence to both the Buyid dynasty and the political unity of Iran.