علل و زمینه‌های گرایش به معنویت‌گرایی جدید در ایران (مطالعه‌ی شهر تهران)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته دکتری جامعه‌شناسی فرهنگی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

2 دانشیار گروه جامعه‌شناسی دانشکده علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

3 استادیار گروه دین‌شناسی دانشکده ادیان دانشگاه ادیان و مذاهب

چکیده

جامعه‌ی ایرانی از دهه‌ی هفتاد به بعد نظاره‌گر ظهور معنویت‌گرایی جدید و رشد گرایش به آن است که در ابتدا منحصر به گروه‌های حاشیه‌ای و ناراضی بود، ولی به‌ سرعت در میان اقشار مختلف گسترش یافت. پژوهش حاضر علل و زمینه‌های این گرایش را در میان شهروندان تهرانی با کمک عوامل ذکرشده در رویکردهای نظری مختلف بررسی می‌کند. در این راستا نخست 23 مصاحبه نیمه ساختار یافته با معنویت‌گرایان جدید صورت پذیرفت و سپس با کمک یافته‌های حاصل از تحلیل مصاحبه‌ها، پرسش‌نامه‌ای طراحی‌شده و در میان 600 نفر از شهروندان تهرانی توزیع گردید. نمونه‌گیری در بخش کیفی به‌صورت هدفمند و در بخش کمی به‌صورت تصادفی از میان بلوک‌های شهر تهران صورت گرفت. در تحلیل مصاحبه از روش تحلیل مضمونی بهره گرفته شد و تحلیل داده‌های کمی نیز با کمک نرم‌افزار spss و آزمون‌های مختلفی چون همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون خطی انجام شد. نتایج حاصل حاکی از رابطه‌ی معنادار پنج عامل با گرایش به معنویت‌گرایی جدید بود که به ترتیب تنش اخلاقی، عاطفه‌گرایی، دسترسی به معنویت‌گرایی جدید و تجربه‌ی رنج قوی‌ترین تا ضعیف‌ترین رابطه‌ی مثبت (مستقیم) و محرومیت رابطه‌ی منفی (معکوس) را نشان دادند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Causes and Contexts of the Tendency Toward New Spirituality in Iran: A Survey of Tehran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sedigheh Ramezani 1
  • Abutorab Talebi 2
  • Bagher TalebiDarabi 3
1 Ph.D in Cultural Sociology, Allameh Tabatabai University
2 Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Religology, Faculty of Religions, University of Religions and Denomination
چکیده [English]

From the seventies onwards, Iran saw the emergence of New Sprituality and the increase in the tendency towards it, primarily confined to fringe groups which later on spread rapidly among different classes. The present study examines the causes and contexts of this tendency among different groups of citizens in Tehran by using the factors mentioned in various theoretical approaches. To achieve this goal, 23 semi-structured interviews were first conducted with New Spiritualists. Then, according to the results of the interviews, a questionnaire was designed and distributed among 600 citizens of Tehran. Sampling was done purposefully in the qualitative section and randomly from the blocks of Tehran in the quantitative section. The interviews were analyzed by the thematic analysis method, and the quantitative data were processed through the SPSS software and various tests such as Pearson correlation and linear regression. The results indicated a significant relationship between five factors and the tendency towards new spirituality. The ethical stress, emotionalism, access to new spirituality, and experiencing suffering had respectively the strongest to the weakest direct relationships and deprivation had a reverse relationship.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • New spirituality
  • cognitive tendency
  • psychological tendency
  • practical tendency
  • religiosity
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